Pirque Abot

June 1, 2016 at 12:48 pm Leave a comment

PIRQE ABOT
(Chapters of the Fathers)
Pereq Hei
Mishnah 5:2-3
By: Hakham Yitschaq ben Moshe Magriso
There were ten generations from Adam to Noah. This shows how much patience there is before [God],
since all these generations caused anger before Him? until He brought upon them the waters of the
Flood.
There were ten generations from Noah to Abraham. This shows how much patience there is before
[God], since all these generations caused anger before Him until Abraham came and accepted upon
himself the reward of them all.
Noah was a direct descendants of Adam. The ten generations from Adam to Noah were:
1. Adam
2. Seth
3. Enosh
4. Kenan
5. Mahalalel
6. Yered
7. Enoch
8. Methuselah
9. Lemekh
10. Noah
The ten generations from Noah to Abraham were:
BS”D (B’Siyata D’Shamaya)
Aramaic: With the help of Heaven
Page 27 of 47
Noah
1. Shem
2. Arpachshad
3. Shelach
4. Eber
5. Peleg
6. Reu
7. Serug
8. Nachor
9. Terach
10. Abraham
The master now tells us that we should not question the earlier teaching that God punishes the wicked because
they destroy the world through their deeds and rewards the righteous/generous because they sustain the world.
We might be apt to question this, because we see the exact opposite. The wicked are often well off, and enjoy
peace, while the righteous/generous have no rest. Where then is the reward of the righteous/generous for
sustaining the world, and the punishment for the wicked for wrecking it?
This question is answered in the Torah, which tells about the ten generations from Adam to Noah. This teaches us
that God gives the wicked a long tether, allowing them ample time to repent. There were ten generations from
Adam to Noah and all were wicked, continually angering God with their deeds.
God, had patience for ten generations, paralleling the ten sayings with which the world was created. Only when
they consistently refused to repent did He bring the Great Flood upon them.
The opposite was true in the case of Abraham. It is well known that there was no greater saint than he. But
observe how many misfortunes befell him. He endured famine, had his wife, Sarah, taken from him twice, and
endured many other evils.
,
Abraham suffered for all the ten generations from Noah until his own time. These generations consisted of
sinners who, angered God, but in the end, they were spared through the merit (zekhuth) of Abraham. He suffered
in their stead, and through his merit they all escaped.
As a result of this, Abraham will have reward in the World to Come compared to all those ten generations. He had
the share that they would have had in the World to Come if they had been good.
Every person has two shares, one in Paradise (Gan Eden, literally “Garden of Eden”), and the other in Purgatory
(Gehinom). If he walks the righteous/generous path and keeps the commandments, then in the next world, he
receives two shares in Paradise, both his own and that of his fellow man [who is wicked]. Conversely, if he turns
out to be wicked and does not walk in the paths of the righteous/generous, he takes two shares in Purgatory. his
own and that of his fellow man [who is righteous/generous].
The master also reminds us not to become discouraged because of the harsh exile in which we now find
ourselves. We should not wonder why God does not seek revenge for what the wicked kingdom (malkhuth haresha’ah)
is doing to His children.
The master therefore points out that there were ten generations From Adam to Noah, and all were sinners,
angering God. Still, God had patience and did not punish them until the year 1656 of creation (2105 b.c.e.) [when
He brought the Great Flood on mankind]. We thus see that God can wait patiently for as much as 1656 years. The
BS”D (B’Siyata D’Shamaya)
Aramaic: With the help of Heaven
Page 28 of 47
destruction of’ the Holy Temple (Beth HaMikdash) occurred in 3828 (68 c.e.). It is obvious that God has much
patience and does not punish the wicked immediately. Therefore, if the Messiah (Melekh HaMashiach) is late in
coming, do not despair. He will arrive in due time, and just as God eventually punished the wicked of the path, so
will He punish the nations of the world for what they are doing to His children.

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Nazarean Talmudim Prayer Before Medication

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